A – Z OF THE UNITED KINGDOM
T is for Tyne Bridge
Today we travel to Tyneside
Tyne Bridge, Newcastle
Tyne Bridge viewed from the Newcastle side. The Sage is the building behind the bridge.
The ship beneath the bridge is the permanently moored Tuxedo Princess floating nightclub (the former car ferry TSS Caledonian Prince). The central pier of the Swing Bridge is also visible in the river, to the right.
The Tyne Bridge is a through arch bridge over the River Tyne in North East England. It links Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead. It was designed by the engineering firm Mott, Hay and Anderson, who later designed the Forth Road Bridge, and was built by Dorman Lond and Co. of Middlesbrough.It is ranked as the tenth tallest structure in the city and was officially opened on 10th October 1928 by King George V and has since become a defining symbol of Tyneside.
Tyne Bridge Construction 1928Wikimedia Commons
The 1781 stone bridge, with the High Level Bridge in the background, from an 1861 illustration
The Romans built the earliest bridge across the Tyne near the location of the present Tyne Bridge around 122 but it fell into disrepair.
In 1279 a stone bridge was constructed but after 500 years was destroyed in the great flood of 1771.
In 1781 a new stone bridge across the Tyne was completed. Increased shipping activity led to the stone bridge being removed in 1866 to make way for the construction of the present Swing Bridge which opened in 1876.
The idea for the location of the present Tyne Bridge dates from 1864 when there was concern about the cost of the tolls on the High Level Bridge. Over the next three decades various committees met and discussed proposals and in early 1920’s with the chance of securing central government funding they commenced in earnest.
29th April 1924 Newcastle and Gateshead approved the plans and the Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead (Corporations) Bridge Act was passed on 7th August 1924.
Dorman Long acted as the building contractors and work started with the design from Mott, Hay and Anderson who based their design on Hell Gate Bridge in New York City (1916).
The bridge’s towers were built from Cornish granite and were designed as warehouses with five storeys but the inner floors were not completed and therefore the storage areas were never used, lifts for passengers and goods were also built for access to the quayside but are no longer in use.
Tyne Bridge viewed from Side, Newcastle Quayside
Tram lines were built in to the Tyne Bridge structure and were ready for immediate use after the opening ceremony in October 1928.
October 10, 1928 and it was time to celebrate the completion and official opening of the Tyne Bridge. Here we see the Royal entourage of King George V and Queen Mary approaching the bridge.
The bridge was officially opened on October 10, 1928 by King George V and Queen Mary who were the first to use the roadway by crossing the bridge in their horse drawn Ascot Landau. It certainly was a grand occasion and the crowds turned out to wave the royal couple across the bridge.
A dramatic photograph of the Royal procession as it is about to complete the first official crossing of the Tyne Bridge
Tram car No. 289 was the last Newcastle tram to run in to Gateshead over the Tyne Bridge on Sunday 5th March 1950. The tram lines were subsequently removed but some vestiges of these remain such as the redundant fixings for overhead power lines.
A remarkable colour photograph of a tram trundling across the Tyne Bridge, sometime before 1950. Photograph courtesy of Gordon Richards
The Tyne Bridge is probably most recognised for the Great North Run, as 52,000 runners pass over the bridge accompanied by a display from the Red Arrows.
In 2012, the largest Olympic rings in the UK were erected on the bridge. The rings were manufactured by commercial signage specialists Signmaster ED Ltd of Kelso. The rings were over 25 metres wide and 12 metres tall and weighed in excess of 4000 kg. This was in preparation for Newcastle hosting the Olympic football tournament, and the Olympic torch relay, in which Bear Grylls zipwired from the top of the arch, to Gateshead quayside.
Look at all these people, ma
Will we be able to find da?
Such a crush and a crowd
So much noise, everything is so loud
Da is running for charity to make us proud
The Red Arrows fly past
Roaring jet engines force them fast
Over the bridge over the Tyne river
Rattling our bones and making our teeth shiver
We see him loping along now
Plodding along like a slow cow
His energy is nearly spent
He lets out a whoop in a Geordie accent.